Pakistan on hot summer evening, the Khawaja Magbool Hadieri family often sits on the balcony, cool from the nearby Nellum River.

But now, after 80% of the flow of the river is used for hydropower, we sweat when sitting cool, although using a fan, Hadieri, 70 years old, a Muzaffarabad, said.


Photo: AFP.

Pakistan is looking for new green energy sources.

NeeLum-JHELUM hydropower project in Nosari, Neelum valley in Kashmir region managed by Pakistan, October 31, 2017.

In Muzaffarabad, the capital of Azad Jammy and Kashmir (AJK), people oppose the project navigating the Nellum line in 2018 to create near a gigawatt power.

The government is planning to redirect Jhelum, the second river flows through the city, for another hydropower project.

Water flowing in the riverbed should not be wasted, should be exploited for human benefits, but it is necessary to avoid flow redirection, Raja Abbas Khan, which leads the AJK environmental protection agency (EPA), warning.

Shafiq Abbasi, Deputy Director of EPA, said Neelum served as an effective radiator system for the city.

Faisal Jameel, businessman, a campaign member who protects two rivers in Muzaffarabad, said the government needs to strengthen water supply, solid waste treatment and wastewater treatment to deal with flow decline.

After the people oppose, Pakistani Electrical and Pakistani Development Agency, the Electric Project Management Unit, provided capital to the AJK state government to minimize negative impacts from the redirection of the river.

Ejaz Ahmed Khan, the state secretary in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, for more than 30 water source protection projects or improved solid waste was carried out in areas affected by tunnels

Therefore, the state environmental protection agency declined to certify the efforts to handle water and waste sources with the reason they are incomplete, according to Adnan Khurshid, the provincial EPA General Director.

Environmental supporters believe that the Jhelum River Transfer Plan to get water supply for hydropower plant 1.1 Gigawatt is located in the Chinese Economic Corridor Project - Pakistan (CPEC) is walking too far with Muzaffarabad


Photo: ANI.

After the protesters camping for two months near the junction of the two rivers, Pakistani Prime Minister directed the National Natural Resources Officials and other departments to the project location inspector to assess the environmental impact.

They said the project lacked an intensive research on environmental impact risks.

The inspection inspection needs to perform a new study to find a way to maintain the efficiency of flow through the city, consider handling solid waste and wastewater pouring into the Neelum.

Bashir Ur Rehman Kant, Head of Health Sciences, University of Azad Jammu and Kashimir in Muzaffarabad, affirmed that the reduction of flow causes hotter river hearts and higher summer temperatures.

Please stop taking garbage into the river, establishing a solid waste treatment system.

Demonstration at Muzaffarabad in September 2020 protested to build hydropower dam on the JHELUM River.

Khan, former EPA director, said that hydropower projects should not be designed in the direction of switching, especially when climate change makes the temperature increase and the cooling needs of larger people.

He affirmed that the diversion of the second river in Muzaffarabd will bring disaster.

And Muhammad Imtaiz Khan, former AJK Electrical Development Organization, said that large-scale hydropower projects are not feasible if they do not redirect flow.

Hadieri, who always remembers the evening and cool families on the balcony, also agreed with Khan.

We do not object to build hydropower but should not trade them with the environment, he said.